Common Ant Species

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Some ant species live in colonies supported by a single queen, while others are supported by multiple queens. Although there are around 23 ant species known in the United Kingdom, there are relatively few that we commonly found on our premises. These include:

Black House Ant


black house ant


  • Shiny and black.
  • 2.5 – 3mm long.
Life cycle and habits of the Black House Ant

Ghost Ant

(Tapinoma melanocephalum)

ghost ant


  • Pale/Translucent legs and abdomen.
  • 16mm long.
Life cycle and habits of the Ghost Ant

Odorous House Ant

(Tapinoma sessile)

odorous house ant


  • Brown or black.
  • 1/16 to 1/8 inch long.
  • Antennae have 12 segments and are not terminated with a club.
  • Six legs.
Life cycle and habits of the Odorous House Ant

Pharaoh’s Ant

(Monomorium pharaonis)

pharoahs ant


  • Workers 1.5-2mm long, yellow-brown with a brown abdomen.
  • Males 3mm long, black, winged.
  • Queens 3.5-6mm long, dark red with wings.
  • Black eyes, two small segments at the pedicel.
Life cycle and habits of the Pharaoh’s Ant

Pavement Ant

(Tetramorium caespitum)

pavement ant


  • Dark brown or blackish.
  • 1/8″ long.
  • Six legs.
  • Two spines on the back and two nodes on the petiole.
  • A groove on the head and thorax is uneven with one pair of the spine.
  • 12-segmented antennae with 3-segmented club.
  • Winged ants are often mistaken for termites.
Life cycle and habits of the Pavement Ant

Little Black Ant

(Monomorium minimum)

little black ant


  • Dark brownish / black or jet black
  • Unevenly rounded thorax.
  • Workers are as small as 1.5 mm in length, and queens can measure up to 4 mm.
Life cycle and habits of the Little Black Ant

Weaver Ant “Hantik”


Weaver ant


  • Orange in colour
  • Solid legs and Large mandibles
  • Approx 5mm-25mm in length.
Life cycle and habits of the Weaver Ant “Hantik”

Carpenter Ant

(Camponotus pennsylvanicus)

Carpenter ant


  • Workers: 1/4″ long.
  • Queen: 1/2″ long.
  • The blackish colour most common but can also be black and red.
  • Six legs.
Life cycle and habits of the Carpenter Ant

Fire Ant

(Solenopsis spp)

fire ant


  • Queens 5/8″ long.
  • Workers 1/8″-1/4″ long.
  • Coppery–brown on the head and body, with a darker abdomen.
  • Solenopsis has a very distinctive two-segment antennal club, which is most visible in the front view of the female reproductive ant.
Life cycle and habits of the Fire Ant