What is Rodent?

Rodents make up the largest group of mammals with 2,277 species, which account for 41% of the known mammals in the world. They are a diverse group in size and habitat, ranging from the South American capybara weighing up to 66kg to the Baluchistan pygmy jerboa with female adults weighing less than 4gm.

Types of Rodents

Rodents are found on every continent except Antarctica. They live in a wide range of different habitats, from snow-covered tundra to hot deserts. Some species of rodent are also the common invaders of the human environment:

  • Rats
  • Mice
  • Voles
  • Squirrels
  • Marmots
  • Hamsters
  • Guinea pigs
  • Gophers
  • Prairie dogs
  • Porcupines
  • Beavers
  • Capybaras (but not rabbits, hares and shrews).

However, in the United Kingdom, the more commonly found rodent that is detrimental to humans are either the Black Rat or Brown Rat.

Rodents tend to be social animals living in small to huge colonies. They also can breed rapidly in favourable conditions, which is why they are such a concern when you have an infestation in your home or businesses.


Common rats species in the United Kingdom


Learn about a mouse infestation

Rats vs Mice

Curious to find out the differences between a rat and a mouse?

Characteristics of Rodents

The distinguishing feature of rodents is a pair of continuously growing incisor teeth in their upper and lower jaw. These teeth grow throughout the rodent’s life, so it must constantly wear them down to prevent them from becoming too long.

Rodents are known to be the following, depending on their species:

  • Arboreal
  • Burrowing
  • Semiaquatic

They use various locomotion methods, including quadrupedal walking, running, climbing, bipedal hopping, swimming, and gliding. Some are nocturnal, and some are diurnal.

Rodents tend to be social animals living in small to huge colonies. They can also breed rapidly in favourable conditions, which is one reason why they are such a concern when you have an infestation in your home or business.

The majority of rodents are herbivores, feeding on seeds, nuts, roots, tubers, stems, leaves, flowers and fruit. Some are omnivores, eating meat such as insects opportunistically, and a small number are carnivores.

Signs of Infestation

Find out if you have a rat infestation on your premises

Rodent-Borne Diseases

Learn more about diseases associated with rodents

Keep Rats Away from Your Home

Practical ways on how to minimize rat infestation

Rodent Damage

One of the main problems with rodent infestation is the damages they cause. Rodents are known for being curious creatures and will often explore new areas in search of food.

Rodents cause immense economic losses worldwide by:

  • consuming, damaging and contaminating food in the field, in storage throughout the food chain and the home.
  • Damaging structures, buildings, bridges, sewers, and cabling etc., by gnawing and burrowing.
  • Dangerous and contaminating goods such as packaging, clothing, and furniture.

Besides property damages, rodents are also known to spread diseases like leptospirosis and salmonellosis. Please don’t take chances with rodents; contact us today at 0208 176 6754.